Vascular and varices
What are varices?
Varices is expansions of the superficial veins of the legs produced by the increase of the pressure of the blood inside the vein, an increase of the pressure brought about by the ebb tide of the blood by damage of the venous valves.
Varices of the legs is located between the muscle and the skin, according to the depth of the variz we can distinguish it in 3 classes: superficial, average or deep.
- Small (<1,5mm)
- Medians (of 1 to 4 mm)
- Great (of 4 to >8 mm)
Factors of risk
The inheritance is the most important factor in the production of varices, is a risk factor that affects to 25% of the women and 15% of the men.
Other factors of risk of suffering this disease are: pregnancy, obesity, lack of physical activity, to stay and still on quiet during hours, ingestion of contraceptives, and the article use very tightened.
We know that he is more frequent in the maturity and the old age that in youth, reason why the age is also a risk factor.
Nowadays the reason of the appearance of varices is not clear, but we know that varices is the extended circulatory problem more between the western population.
Types of varices
Varices more superficial, calls varculas, telangiectasias, spiders you will tilt, microvarices¦. They are located in the skin.
Varices of the average compartment
Varices of the average compartment, nutricias or reticular calls is in the average-external zone of the subcutaneous cellular weave.
Varices of the deep compartment
Varices of the deep compartment is safena greater, the minor, and others of so large similar. Varices is called tronculares and reason to them deep and beaten to the muscle.
Treatment for varices
Escleroterapia with microfoam
The escleroterapia consists of the injection of a chemical agent (polidocanol) in the form of foam inside the variz, this null and void foam tremendously the interior of the variz being contracted the muscular layers of the vein, as the inner walls of the variz are very irritated, the walls would stick as the edges of a wound.
The incorporation to the normal life of the patient, will become immediate, recommending itself not to make intense exercise in the first 72 hours.
We must then avoid the passage of blood by that zone during the following 24 hours in order that the venous walls stick of definitive way.
For it we will place an average of elastic compression the following 24 to 72 hours.
- The foam is not toxic, and its application in limited amounts does not have side effects.
- The treatment is painless
- producing only a small irritation that as soon as it lasts some seconds.
- The foam is visible with the ec³grafo and so we can control to where it arrives.
- With the new FOAM DE HELIO, TOXICITY DOES NOT EXIST, reason why we can realise several sessions in a same day.
According to the size of the vein we will use different concentrations from polidocanol to esclerosar the vein.
This system of escleroterapia with foam can be used in all the glasses, independent of the size of the variz. It is possible therefore to be avoided the surgery and the consequent anesthesia and hospitalization, that until now was the treatment of election for the v¡rices tronculares.
The number of sessions to secure the total disappearance of the v¡rices, will depend therefore on the number of v¡rices and the diameter of these.
The sessions will be able to be realised biweekly weekly or until obtaining the total closing of the v¡rices. Even though it is possible, he is not very frequent to realise this treatment in summer, by the inconvenience to take stockings of compression at times of heat.
Esclerosar a variz means to eliminate it, this is not no problem since a variz is a damaged vein that does not work, reason why its elimination noncause damages to the organism.